A.D. The Assistant Director in a film or theater
Actor's Equity Union:- Equity negotiates wage and working conditions,
administers contracts, and enforces provisions of various agreements
with theatrical employers across the country.
- This is generally used in the modeling industry. Models should
assemble a Model bag to take on shoots and shows. Items in your
bag should include your makeup and accessories such as hair items,
belts, purses, hats, scarves and jewelry to compliment clothing
you may be wearing in a photo shoot or fashion show.
Actor: A person
who plays characters in film, theater or television projects. Actors
get paid to play other people for the purpose of entertainment.
audition is where you will go to try out (read) to get a part in
a film, television or theater project. Actors read from the script
or side, and the director or casting agent considers if they match
up with a character in the project.
Advance - a sum of money
paid to you to secure your modeling or acting services.
- in order to get "Noticed" you need to advertise yourself.
THink of yourself as a product and in order to let production personnel
know you are out there, you need to advertise using your headshots,
resume and or demo reel.
Agency: - Advertising agencies use models, actors and voiceover's
for print, radio and television commercial campaigns that they create
for their clients who have a product or service to promote to consumers.
AFTRA: - American
Federation of Television and Radio Artists. Nationally, AFTRA represents
professional actors, news broadcasters and writers, announcers,
vocalists, and others who work in the fields of television, radio,
sound recordings, and industrial productions.
Agent: - An
individual whose job is to represent an author's work to various
publishers. Agents also negotiate contracts for their clients. The
usual commission is around 10 to 15 percent of the advance/royalties
acquired. Agents receive their payment as a percentage of what they
make for you.)
- Mostly used in studio photography. A backdrop can be one solid
color or a theme matching the layout of the product or ad being
created. i.e you are advertising perfume and the backdrop/background
may be a rendering of Paris, France or a bedroom vanity scene.
Buy-out: - this
a a one time payment or flat fee for a project that will not provide
residuals. Residuals are payments talent receives each and every
time a television commercial is shown. A buy out fee should be negotiated
with this in mind and should be more than an hourly rate.
- this is a result of the audition you went on. They liked what
they saw and want to see you again. This generally means you are
in the running for the project. A callback is when they ask back
specific people from the first audition to read again to make a
decision to cast them for a part in their project.
Cap: - This
indicates that an actor has completed his scene or a portion of
This is a type of person (profile) an actor is going to play. Characters
are anything from a gangster to a business man, to a doctor or teacher
in a film, photography shoot or television commercial project.
Cold read: -
Cold reading is a term used by actors in theatre, television, film,
and performance fields. A cold reading is a reading out loud from
a script/side without any rehearsal or study in advance. This is
generally required in auditions and casting calls.
- Comp Card. - A model or actors material with 3-5 photos of actor
or model printed with their stats. These cards are used to market
and submit to prospective clients, for auditions and casting calls.
The most popular size is postcard, but others opt for the 1/2 by
11 size. All cards display a headshot and smaller shots that showing
your versatility or characterization. Also referred to as zed cards.
- A term used in theatre where the performers come out on the stage
at the conclusion of the performance for the audience to show their
appreciation by clapping while the actors take a bow or two.
Cast:- The actors
in a film, theater or television project.
This is a person who sets up the calls and auditions for models,
actors and extras to fill roles needed. They work for the director
and producer of a project.
- A determined time and place is set up when a project is ready
for talent. You will be given a script or side to read from for
a part in the project or asked to submit photos and resumes for
Reel: - This is a sample video tape (there are demo tapes for voiceover)
of your previous work. Your demo real should display your versatility.
When creating your demo, try and keep it short, up to 5 minutes
of clips showing they many types of characters you can portray.
lines spoken by a character or characters in a film, theater production
or television commercial, this is a conversation between two or
more characters (actors).
Someone who supervises the actors and directs the action in the
production of a show or project.
- A non-speaking part, background or atmosphere. Extra work is a
terrific way to begin your education in the film industry and resume
preparation. Extras are generally paid to hang around in the background
of a scene to make the shot more realistic. Sometimes extras get
singled out to perform more than just background, perhaps you may
get a speaking part or more on camera time.
- A principal (full-length) film. This is generally a full-length
feature film and is the professional project that actors are striving
for. Pays good and is usually the type of film to be shown in theaters.
- This is an 8x10 photo which is needed to submit with your resume
to get into an audition or casting call. You need to maintain a
current photo. Production personnel depend on photos to choose you
for consideration. There is nothing more frustrating than picking
a photo of a person for a specific character/model type and the
actor/model looks nothing like their photo. When you change your
look, you need to update your photos.
Release: - you will be required to sign a model release agreement
which gives the client or photographer rights to use your photos
for the project you have been contracted for as the model. Also
called a Photographer Release.
- acting style in which the "true"( or "real")
moment or response is performed. Actors try to feel and emulate
the emotions of the character they are playing so that the actors'
reactions and the characters' reactions would be as one.
where a character speaks alone; spoken by one person who exposes
inner thoughts and provides insights into his or her character.
a speech by one actor or performer directly addressing the audience
or another character.
Call: is similar to a casting call but generally means anyone who
fits the requirements for the project such as extras, bit players
and even actors can attend regardless if they have agent representation.
This is a character; the portion of the script intended for a specific
character in a television, film or theater project.
Pilot:- A test
run of a first episode of a television series idea. A pilot is an
idea for a show. Actors are assembled a pilot is shot and then the
process of testing and selling the project begin.
This is what most actors are striving for, a main character in a
project. One with lines, on camera time and better salary. A major
part of the film or project.
who finds financing for and supervises the making and presentation
of a show (play or film or program or similar work)
Prop: - any
movable articles or objects used on the set of a play, movie or
photography layout. It is separate from scenery and costumes.
a practice session in preparation for a performance. In television,
film and theater a , rehearsal can involve the director and other
actors who are associated with the scenes or segments of a project.
who will come ready.
need to prepare a written copy of all modeling and acting experience
or training you have completed. Keep in to one page. YOur resume
outlines all the projects you have been involved in, the roles you
played, the companies you have modeled for, the training you have
and any skills or talent you have including dance, singing, sports
or any talents other talents you think might be worth mentioning.
Actors Guild Foundation - Screen Actors Guild is the nation’s
premier labor union representing actors. SAG represents nearly 120,000
actors in film, television, industrials, commercials and music videos.
The Guild exists to enhance actors’ working conditions, compensation
and benefits on behalf of artists. SAG is a affiliate of the AFL-CIO.
someone who writes screenplays. This is normally the person who
wrote the script for the project you are auditioning for.
Sides: - Pages
or scenes from a script, used in auditions or (if on a film set)
those scenes being shot that day. Sides can be anywhere in length
from a few lines to a number of pages depending on the part that
is being casted. You will receive a side from the casting director
or agent prior to the audition.
- Gather all the tear sheets you can. While you build your resume
collect materials to enhance the package/portfolio with ads from
publications you have appeared in. This gives the client more visual
information about your performance skills.